Week 2 - Fragments
Updated: Apr 15
Learning Objective: Student will be able to understand the subject and predicate of a sentence as well as identify sentence fragments.
How many times have we been told as a beginning writer to “finish the sentence”? It is not enough to say “at the school”. What at the school? The Easter bunny is at the school? Oh, I know. We can’t play on the playground at the school right now. No? Oh! Maybe there are baby lambs at the school? No? Okay, I will finish my sentence now.
Ms. Andria, Ms. Logan and Ms. Johnson were at the school today.
In this lesson you are going to learn to make complete sentences so you can become better writers. After doing this lesson, you will be able to understand the subject and predicate of a sentence as well as identify sentence fragments.
First you must know this!!!
Subject - the person or thing being discussed in a sentence
Predicate - the part of the sentence containing a verb (action word) and discussing (talking about) the subject.
If I wrote:
smells like stinky socks
Both of the above are sentence fragments and not complete sentences.
People will not understand what you are trying to say if read "two dogs" and "smells like stinky socks".
Try this next part to help you understand and write complete sentences.
Identify the subject and the predicate in each sentence. Write out each sentence then underline the predicate.
Every complete sentence has two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what or whom the sentence is about. The predicate is the part that tells something about the subject.
Example: Rita eats breakfast every morning.
Now you try finding the predicate:
Samantha eats ice cream for dessert.
Ben likes to draw pictures of dolphins.
The children played in the mud.
Jessie's dad is painting the garage door.
I built a sandcastle at the beach.
The bicycle needs new tires.
We had a picnic in the park.
My favorite color is orange.
Jeff is reading a fantasy book.
Jimmy won the marathon race.
Tina and I are going to the library.
The dog barked at the squirrel.
Try some more if you want with this:
A complete sentence has a subject and a verb (a verb is an action word). Add a subject or a verb to make each fragment a complete sentence.
Example: The boy in the blue shirt
The boy in the blue shirt is running in the playground.
Make these fragments into complete sentences:
1. swims in the lake _____________________________________________________
2. on the roof ____________________________________________________
3. The tall girl _____________________________________________________
4. The brown puppy _____________________________________________________
5. in the winter _____________________________________________________
6. went on vacation _____________________________________________________
7. at the airport _____________________________________________________
8. drinks the milk _____________________________________________________
9. during the summer _____________________________________________________
10. fell and broke _____________________________________________________
Please remember capitals at the beginning of a sentence and a period at the end.
This lesson is taken from: https://www.education.com/download/lesson-plan/subject-and-predicate/subject-and-predicate.pdf I created a shorter lesson.